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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 1-7

Robot-assisted urologic surgery in 2010 - Advancements and future outlook


Department of Urology, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC, USA

Correspondence Address:
Ashok K Hemal
Department of Urology and Institute of Regenerative Medicine, Director, Robotics and Minimally Invasive Surgery, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston-Salem, NC 27157
USA
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DOI: 10.4103/0974-7796.75853

PMID: 21346825

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Robotic surgery is a cutting edge and minimally invasive procedure, which has generated a great deal of excitement in the urologic community. While there has been much advancement in this emerging technology, it is safe to say that robotic urologic surgery holds tremendous potential for progress in the near future. Hence, it is paramount that urologists stay up-to-date regarding new developments in the realm of robotics with respect to novel applications, limitations and opportunities for incorporation into their practice. Robot-assisted surgery provides an enhanced 3D view, increased magnification of the surgical field, better manual dexterity, relatively bloodless field, elimination of surgeon's tremor, reduction in a surgeon's fatigue and mitigation of scattered light. All these factors translate into greater precision of surgical dissection, which is imperative in providing better intraoperative and postoperative outcomes. Pioneering work assessing the feasibility of robotic surgery in urology began in the early 2000's with robot-assisted radical prostatectomy and has since expanded to procedures such as robot-assisted radical cystectomy, robot-assisted partial nephrectomy, robot-assisted nephroureterectomy and robot-assisted pyeloplasty. A MEDLINE search was used to identify recent articles (within the last two years) and publications of specific importance, which highlighted the recent developments and future direction of robotics. This review will use the aforementioned urologic surgeries as vehicles to evaluate the current status and future role of robotics in the advancement of the field of urology.


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