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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 212-217

Utility of urine cytology in evaluating hematuria with sonographically suspected bladder lesion in patients older than 50 years


1 Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Assiut University Hospital and School of Medicine, Assiut University, Egypt
2 Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine, Assiut University Hospital and School of Medicine, Assiut University, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Mohamed Abd-Alla Elgammal
Department of Urology, Assiut University Hospital, Assiut University, Assiut, 71526
Egypt
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DOI: 10.4103/0974-7796.134264

PMID: 25125893

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Purpose: Investigate the utility of urine cytology (UC) in patients older than 50 years with hematuria and sonographically suspected bladder lesion. Patients and Methods: Between April 2010 and June 2012, 152 patients above 50 years suffering from hematuria were included in this study. In all patients, ultrasound revealed a lesion suspected to be bladder cancer. Voided urine specimens were taken from all patients and transported to Pathology laboratory and processed within 1-3 h. All patients have undergone a cystoscopy examination and biopsy was taken from any suspicious lesion. The cytological diagnosis was reported as one of three categories, positive or negative or suspicious for malignancy. Results: One hundred thirty three (87.5%) patients in this study proved to have bladder carcinoma in histopathological examination. The sensitivity of UC was 53.4% and only five patients were suspicious. Percentage of positive cytology was highest among patients having gross hematuria (51.3%), posterior wall lesions (75%), papillonodular configuration (81.8%), invasive cancer (59.1%) and bilharzial affection (52.5%). Conclusion: Hematuria in patients older than 50 years with sonographically suspected bladder lesion mandates cystoscopy and biopsy. UC does not add more significant information in this group of patients.


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