|NEURO – UROLOGY ABSTRACTS
|Year : 2015 | Volume
| Issue : 5 | Page : 49
|Date of Web Publication||20-Mar-2015|
|How to cite this article:|
. Neuro-Urology Abstracts. Urol Ann 2015;7, Suppl S1:49
Overactive Bladder among Young Saudi Female
Wadha M. Al-Qahtani, Maryah A. Asker,
Department of Urology, University of Dammam, Saudi Arabia
Introduction: International Continence Society defined overactive bladder (OAB) as urgency, with or without urge incontinence, usually with frequency and nocturia. There is no clear studies on the prevalence of OAB among young Saudi ladies have been conducted in Saudi Arabia. The study aims to: (1) Assess the prevalence and risk factors of OAB syndrome among young Saudi female. (2) To determine its effect on the quality of life.
Methods: A cross-sectional study among female college students, Eastern Province, Saudi Arabia. Surveys were conducted between November and December 2014. The prevalence of OAB was assessed by using Actionable Bladder Symptom Screening Tool. Data were statistically analyzed and described using SPSS 20.0.
Results: Out of 689 female students participated in the study, 647 were included in the analysis. The mean age and body mass index are 19.6 year and 22.9 respectively. Based on the Actionable Bladder Symptom Screening Tool, 47 female students (7.3%) have symptoms of OAB. There was no significant correlation between presence of OAB and any demographic data. There was positive trend between OAB and magnitude of coffee and soft drink intake. Twenty students (43.5%) are embarrassed by their symptoms and 11 students (23.9%) stated that it affected their daily activity. Only 4 students (8.7%) with OAB had asked for medical help.
Conclusion: The symptoms of OAB are among young female students are not rare. It has great impact on their quality of life.
Accuracy of ultrasound measured bladder wall thickness for diagnosis of detrusor overactivity
*Mahmoud Ali 1,2 , Abul-fotouh Ahmed 1,3 , Sabri Khaled 1 , Hamdi Abozeid 1 , Mostafa Abdel-maguid 1
1 Department of Urology, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt, 2 Department of Urology; King Khalid Hospital, Tabouk, 3 Department of Urology, Salman Bin Abdulaziz University, Al-Kharj, Saudi Arabia
Purpose: To evaluate the usefulness and accuracy of ultrasound measured urinary bladder wall thickness (BWT) in the diagnosis of detrusor overactivity (DO).
Methods: Patients who had undergone a urodynamic study due to irritative LUTS were evaluated for study participation. All patients were submitted to thorough history taking, general and genital examination, urine analysis, urine culture, blood chemistry, uroflowmetery and abdominal ultrasonography. Patients were categorized into 2 groups according to the urodynamic diagnosis: Group 1, 62 patients with documented DO and group 2, 36 patients with no evidence of DO (controls). Ultrasound measurement of BWT was performed with bladder filled with 50 ml normal saline solution and data were analysed and compared between both groups using the suitable analytical tests.
Results: The age and gender distribution were comparable. Urgency was the main symptom in both groups. The mean ultrasound measured BWT was significantly higher in group 1 than in group 2 (5.54 1.95 mm vs. 3.22 0.84 mm, P < 0.001) with an overall sensitivity of 91.9% in predicting DO at a cutoff point of 3.75 mm.
Conclusions: Measurement of BWT using ultrasonography is a sensitive diagnostic test for prediction of DO. Further studies, on a large scale of patients are required to validate these results.