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CASE REPORT
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 486-489

Nephron-sparing surgery in bilateral Wilms' tumor: A report of two cases


Department of Urology, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
M S Ansari
Department of Urology and Renal Transplant, C-Block, Ground Floor, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Raebareli Road, Lucknow - 226 014, Uttar Pradesh
India
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DOI: 10.4103/0974-7796.192102

PMID: 28057999

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Nephron-sparing surgery (NSS) has been proposed by many as an alternative to bilateral nephrectomies and renal replacement therapy in bilateral Wilms' tumor (BWT). NSS is not without significant recurrence, morbidity, and mortality. Long-term follow-up, especially with regard to the renal function, remains lacking. Preoperative computed tomography angiogram can help prepare a roadmap for NSS but can underestimate the salvageable parenchyma due to compression of normal adjacent parenchyma. Intraoperative ultrasound can delineate the boundary of surgical margin and help achieve negative margins. We present two cases of BWT, aged 7 and 13 months, managed with neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by bilateral NSS and adjuvant chemotherapy and report the follow-up of the same. We also explore the role of preoperative imaging and intraoperative ultrasound in the management. Both patients are alive without recurrence at a follow-up of 12 and 8 months.


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