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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 4-8

Posthysterectomy ureteric injuries: Presentation and outcome of management

Department of Urology, Shri B. M. Patil Medical College and Hospital Research Centre, Bijapur, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Nilesh Guru
Staff Quarters No. 22, South A Block, Smt. Bangaramma Sajjan Campus, Solapur Road, Bijapur, Karnataka
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DOI: 10.4103/0974-7796.198838

PMID: 28216920

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Purpose: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the presentation and management of posthysterectomy ureteral injuries. Patients and Methods: Fourteen patients with ureteric injuries after hysterectomy for benign diseases were evaluated. The diagnosis was done based on clinical presentation, intravenous urogram, computed tomography, cystoscopy, and retrograde pyelogram (RGP) depending on the clinical situation. Results: Sixteen iatrogenic ureteric injuries in 14 patients over a 2-year period were evaluated. Hysterectomy was the cause of injury in all the cases, 12 abdominal and 2 were vaginal. Two patients presented with anuria, one had ureteric, and bladder injury with hemoperitoneum underwent emergency laparotomy and bilateral ureteral reimplantation. Another patient underwent RGP followed by stenting on the right side, left side unable to put stent so percutaneous nephrostomy (PCN) was done followed by antegrade stenting later. Two patients presented with septicemia and pyonephrosis were managed initially with PCN followed by balloon dilatation and JJ stenting. RGP and retrograde stenting was done in seven of the remaining ten patients and ureteric reimplantation in three patients. Conclusion: Patient with ureteric injury should be evaluated and intervened at the earliest. Patients presenting early, within 2 weeks after hysterectomy have higher chances of success with endourological procedures, obviating the need for open surgery.

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