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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 362-365

Total endoscopic and anal irrigation management approach to noncompliant neuropathic bladder and bowel in children: A long-term follow-up


1 Department of Surgery, Division of Urology, College of Medicine, King Khalid University Hospital, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Urology, College of Medicine, King Fahd University Hospital, University of Dammam, Dammam, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Naif Alqarni
Department of Surgery, Division of Urology, College of Medicine, King Khalid University Hospital, King Saud University, Riyadh
Saudi Arabia
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DOI: 10.4103/0974-7796.216321

PMID: 29118540

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Purpose: To evaluate the long-term efficacy and durability of combined intradetrusor botulinum-A toxin (BTX-A), endoscopic treatment of vesicouerteral reflux and anal irrigation for stool incontinence (SI) via a total endoscopic and anal irrigation management (TEAM®) approach in patients with myelomeningocele and neuropathic bladder and bowel who did not respond to conservative measures. Materials and Methods: Fourteen myelomeningocele patients with at least 3 years follow-up were included in the study. All patients have urinary and SI not responded to conservative management. All patients received a cystoscopic intradetrusor injection of 12 U/kg (maximum 300 U) BTX-A. There was vesicoureteral reflux in 22 ureters, and a Deflux® injection was completed during the same procedure. SI was managed using trans-anal irrigation, either with a fleet enema or Peristeen® system regularly. Results: After at least 3 years of follow-up, mean maximum bladder capacity increased significantly from 78 ± 36 ml to 200 ± 76 ml (P < 0.0001) and the maximum detrusor pressure decreased from 56 ± 12 cm H2O to 29 ± 7 cm H2O (P < 0.001). Twenty-one refluxing ureters (95%) showed complete resolution and one persisted. Ten patients (72%) achieved complete dryness between catheterizations. Four patients (28%) went for augmentation cystoplasty, due to progressive hydronephrosis and/or persistent urinary incontinence. Thirteen patients achieved complete stool continence. Conclusions: Over long-term follow-up, major reconstruction surgery can be avoidable or delayable; the TEAM® approach is a minimally invasive, safe, simple, and effective way to achieve upper urinary tract protection and provide urinary and stool continence.


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