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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 82-86

Comparative efficacy of tamsulosin versus tadalafil as medical expulsive therapy for distal ureteric stones

1 Department of Urology, Dr. S. N. Medical College, Jodhpur, India
2 Department of Urology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur, India
3 Department of Urology, S.M.S. Medical College, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Suresh Kumar Goyal
Department of Urology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur - 342 001, Rajasthan
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DOI: 10.4103/UA.UA_36_17

PMID: 29416281

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Objective: The objective of this study was to compare the relative efficacy of tamsulosin and tadalafil as medical expulsive therapy for distal ureteric stones. Patients and Methods: This was a prospective study performed between December 2014 and February 2016. A total of 123 adult patients (>18 years of age) presenting with distal ureteric stones sized 6–10 mm were randomized to treatment with tamsulosin 0.4 mg once daily (Group A) or tadalafil10 mg once daily (Group B). Therapy was given for a maximum of 4 weeks. The stone expulsion rate was the primary endpoint. Time to stone expulsion, number of colic episodes, analgesic use, number of hospital visits for pain, endoscopic treatment, and adverse effects of the drugs were noted. Statistical analyses were done using Fisher's exact test and Chi-square test. Results: A total of 61 patients were included in tamsulosin group and 62 patients in tadalafil group. A statistically insignificant difference was found for stone clearance rate between both groups as a whole (Group A-73.77%, Group B-69.35%, P = 0.690) as well as when we considered both subgroups (A1-78.05%, B1-75.0%, P = 0.802; A2-65.0%, B2-55.6%, P = 0.741). All the primary and secondary outcome measures were more in favour of stones ≤8 mm size than stones >8 mm size. No statistical difference was found for adverse drug effects except for retrograde ejaculation, which was significantly high in tamsulosin group (P < 0.001). Conclusion: This study showed that although tamsulosin is more effective for stone clearance than tadalafil, but this difference was not significant (P = 0.690).

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