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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 391-394

Management of hypospadias in Saudi Arabia: A national survey


Department of Urology, King Fahd Hospital, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ossamah Saleh Alsowayan
PO Box 40086, Alkhobar, 31952
Saudi Arabia
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DOI: 10.4103/UA.UA_88_18

PMID: 30386092

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Introduction: Hypospadias is one of the most common congenital anomalies of the penis. Different methods of hypospadias management are described in the literature. We try in this study to evaluate the national trends and to compare them with international practices. Materials and Methods: A multiple choice survey was distributed among a sample of national practitioners using a weblink between September and December 2017. It included questions about participants demographics, number of cases operated on per year, perioperative care and preferences, long-term follow-up, and complications. Data were analyzed and compared with international practices. Results: Results of 47 practitioners were evaluated and analyzed in this study. The majority of the participants were pediatric urologists (48.9%) and from the central province (44.7%). Most of the participants prefer to operate on patients between the ages of 1 and 2 years (48.9%) and operate at ≥20 cases per year (76.6%). Tubularized incised plate (TIP) is the preferred technique for distal penile hypospadias repair whereas staged repair is preferred for proximal cases. All participants use a form of a second layer and a stent for their repairs. The majority reported an overall complication rate of ≤10% for distal penile hypospadias (76.1%) and >10% for proximal penile cases (59.6%). Conclusion: This study helped us identify national trends in hypospadias management, which were comparable to the international trends. TIP repair is the preferred technique for distal penile hypospadias repair whereas staged repair is preferred for more complex proximal variants. Although data in this study come from reports of personal experience, it can serve as a backbone for the future prospective studies on this topic.


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