Urology Annals
About UA | Search | Ahead of print | Current Issue | Archives | Instructions | Online submissionLogin 
Urology Annals
  Editorial Board | Subscribe | Advertise | Contact
Users Online: 320   Home Print this page  Email this page Small font size Default font size Increase font size
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 72-76

Factors that affect outcome of pediatric shock waves lithotripsy with sedoanalgesia

Department of Urology, Medical College, Al Yarmouk Hospital, Al-Mustansiriyah University, Baghdad, Iraq

Correspondence Address:
Ass. Prof. Ammar Fadil Abid
College of Medicine/AL-Mustansiriyah University, Baghdad
Login to access the Email id

DOI: 10.4103/UA.UA_81_17

PMID: 30787575

Rights and Permissions

Introduction: Performing shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) under intravenous sedoanalgesia and the ability to predict the effectiveness of SWL is essential in determining the most appropriate treatment for patients. Patients and Methods: This study consisted of 56 children aged between 1 and 16 years mean age 6.7 ± 4.3 years with renal and ureteric stones who underwent SWL. Incomplete child data were excluded from the study, leaving 47 patients. The procedure was performed under sedoanalgesia with diazepam and ketamine was given intravenously during SWL session. We study the effect of the following factors (age, site, size, opacity of stone, degree of pelvicalyceal dilation, previous urological surgery, number of shock waves, and number of sessions) on stone clearance after SWL. Results: Forty-seven children range from 1 to 16 years, mean age 6.7 ± 4.3 years. There were 39 (83%) with renal stone and 8 (17%) with ureteric stone. The mean size of stone was 12.2 ± 4.4 mm ranging 6–25 mm. Of 47 children, 36 (76.6%) were stone-free. Age below 6 years, pelvic stones, children without surgery, number of shock waves, and number of sessions were significant factors that affect the stone-free rate after SWL, while the stone size, opacity, and calyceal system dilatation were not statistically significant factors. Conclusions: The present analysis shows that stone-free status for children with urolithiasis depends on the age of presentation, previous history of ipsilateral stone treatment, stone location, and number of sessions. Pediatric lithotripsy under intravenous sedoanalgesia is feasible, general anesthesia is not mandatory, and any anesthetic complications were not encountered.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded60    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal