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Table of Contents
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 90-91  

Ureteroneocystostomy herniation leading to obstructive uropathy 10 years postrenal transplant: A rare case report

1 Department of Urology, Max Superspeciality Hospital, Patparganj, Delhi, India
2 Department of Nephrology, Max Superspeciality Hospital, Patparganj, Delhi, India

Date of Submission04-Jan-2019
Date of Acceptance04-Oct-2019
Date of Web Publication07-Nov-2019

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Shailesh Chandra Sahay
Room No 1029, Department of Urology, Max Superspeciality Hospital, Patparganj, Delhi
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DOI: 10.4103/UA.UA_2_19

PMID: 32015627

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Herniation of the urinary bladder is observed in around 1%–4% of cases. Bladder herniation rarely presents with obstructive uropathy; however, bladder herniation carrying ureteroneocystostomy and leading to obstructive uropathy of the graft is even rare. Here, we present a case of a 36-year-old male with deranged renal function test who had undergone renal transplant 10 years back. Computed tomography scan revealed bladder herniation with ureteroneocystostomy and hydronephrosis. He was surgically explored by Gibson incision and ureterolysis, and hernioplasty was performed. Although the cause of herniation was ureteroneocystostomy, it was managed immediately without any need for percutaneous nephrostomy.

Keywords: Bladder hernia, transplant kidney, ureteroneocystostomy

How to cite this article:
Sahay SC, Bhalla D, Kesarwani P, Sethi M. Ureteroneocystostomy herniation leading to obstructive uropathy 10 years postrenal transplant: A rare case report. Urol Ann 2020;12:90-1

How to cite this URL:
Sahay SC, Bhalla D, Kesarwani P, Sethi M. Ureteroneocystostomy herniation leading to obstructive uropathy 10 years postrenal transplant: A rare case report. Urol Ann [serial online] 2020 [cited 2020 Mar 29];12:90-1. Available from: http://www.urologyannals.com/text.asp?2020/12/1/90/270566

   Introduction Top

Herniation of the urinary bladder is not rare; however, around 1%–4% inguinal hernias may involve urinary bladder. Bladder herniation rarely presents with obstructive uropathy as it is mostly unilateral, and bladder herniation carrying ureteroneocystostomy leading to obstructive uropathy of the graft is even rarer. Here, we present such a unique case, wherein the graft was salvaged in time.

   Case Report Top

A 36-year-old male presented with loss of appetite and decreased urine output. He had undergone transplantation of the right kidney 10 years ago [Figure 1]a. Ultrasound examination showed hydroureteronephrosis of the transplanted kidney. The blood urea was 96 mg/dL, and the serum creatinine was 3.5 mg/dL. Computed tomography scan of the lower abdomen revealed hydroureter till its insertion in the bladder with an inguinal hernia and bladder as its content [Figure 1]b. The urine culture was sterile, and the total leukocyte count was 8700 cells/μL. Cystoscopy and exploratory laparotomy were planned. On cystoscopy, neoureteric orifice was patent, but stenting could not be done. Right Gibson incision was given, and bladder was seen herniating into the right inguinal canal [Figure 1]c. The ureter was also being pulled out laterally, hence producing a kink that led to dilatation above this kink. It was an extraperitoneal sliding type of hernia of the bladder. Ureter and bladder were carefully dissected, and Double-J (DJ) stent was placed through a ureterotomy incision along with hernioplasty [Figure 1]d. The ureterotomy was closed [Figure 1]e. The kidney function was normalized in 48 h. The patient had presented with obstructive uropathy due to ureteric obstruction by a bladder hernia and improved immediately after hernioplasty and stenting. The stent was removed cystoscopically after 6 weeks.
Figure 1:(a) Clinical picture showing inguinal hernia bulge, (b) computed tomography scan coronal image showing herniated sac containing bladder with neoureteric orifice, (c) intraoperative image showing hernia sac in relation to ureter, (d) stent being placed from ureterotomy incision, and (e) operative image after Double-J stenting and ureterotomy closure

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   Discussion Top

Obstructive uropathy caused by bladder or ureteral herniation after renal transplant has been reported in the literature.[1] In most of the reported cases, the previous history of herniorrhaphy, which entangled the transplanted ureter, is presented. The most common type of a hernia found in these cases was an inguinal hernia. A bladder hernia leading to ureteric obstruction and uropathy is very rare.

Hernia repair with the use of mesh has greatly reduced the risk of recurrence.[2] In most of these cases, it was observed that the prognosis of the surgery was good and also the kidney graft function was retained, while in other cases, patients were usually managed first by putting a percutaneous nephrostomy (PCN) and stabilizing the kidney function and then going for the definitive procedure.[3],[4],[5],[6],[7],[8],[9]

Ghielmini et al. reported a similar case as ours with a bladder hernia, but it had caused acute urinary obstruction.[9] They managed the case with PCN diversion first followed by open antegrade stenting.[9] In our case, the obstruction was insidious in onset, and the patient was clinically stable with a serum creatinine of 3.5; hence, we planned to do a straightforward surgical correction. We avoided doing a PCN and achieved an excellent recovery of the graft immediately by surgical exploration. Early surgical exploration may also help in avoiding future stricture formation in the ureter.

   Conclusion Top

Ureteroneocystostomy herniation leading to obstructive uropathy in a transplanted kidney is a very rare entity. If detected early, surgical correction of a hernia and DJ stenting results in excellent graft recovery.

Declaration of patient consent

The authors certify that they have obtained appropriate patient consent form. In the form, the patient has given his consent for his images and other clinical information to be reported in the journal. The patient understands that his name and initial will not be published and due efforts will be made to conceal their identity, but anonymity cannot be guaranteed.

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Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

   References Top

Tran D, Gaboriault J, Collette S, Senécal L, Morin M, Boucher A, et al. Obstructive uropathy caused by an inguinal hernia in a kidney transplant recipient: Report of hernia cure by the shouldice technique. Dial Transplant 2011;40:413-4.  Back to cited text no. 1
Weale AR, Baynham SJ, Pentlow AK, Pentlow BD. The impact of open mesh repair of inguinal herniae on renal transplantation. Transplantation 2007;84:938.  Back to cited text no. 2
Azhar R, Boutros M, Hassanain M, Polyhronopoulos G, Chaudhury P, Tchervenkov J, et al. Arare case of obstructive uropathy in renal transplantation: Ipsilateral indirect inguinal herniation of a transplant ureter. Transplantation 2009;88:1038-9.  Back to cited text no. 3
Furtado CD, Sirlin C, Precht A, Casola G. Unusual cause of ureteral obstruction in transplant kidney. Abdom Imaging 2006;31:379-82.  Back to cited text no. 4
Ingber MS, Girdler BJ, Moy JF, Frikker MJ, Hollander JB. Inguinal herniation of a transplant ureter: Rare cause of obstructive uropathy. Urology 2007;70:1224.e1-3.  Back to cited text no. 5
Osman Y, Ali-El-Dein B, El-Leithy R, Shokeir A. Sliding hernia containing the ureter – A rare cause of graft hydroureteronephrosis: A case report. Transplant Proc 2004;36:1402-4.  Back to cited text no. 6
Sánchez AS, Tebar JC, Martín MS, Bachs JM, Moreno MJ, Navarro HP, et al. Obstructive uropathy secondary to ureteral herniation in a pediatric en bloc renal graft. Am J Transplant 2005;5:2074-7.  Back to cited text no. 7
Neumayer L, Giobbie-Hurder A, Jonasson O, Fitzgibbons R Jr., Dunlop D, Gibbs J, et al. Open mesh versus laparoscopic mesh repair of inguinal hernia. N Engl J Med 2004;350:1819-27.  Back to cited text no. 8
Ghielmini E, Julita L, Cerantola Y, Matter M, Zingg T. Inguinal bladder hernia with acute ureteral obstruction 14 years after kidney transplantation: A case report. Transplant Proc 2017;49:1593-5.  Back to cited text no. 9


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