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Role of clinical and radiological parameters in predicting the outcome of shockwave lithotripsy for ureteric stones

1 Department of Urology, PGIMER and Dr. RML Hospital, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Urology, Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
3 Department of Biochemistry, Maulana Azad Medical college, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Sumit Gahlawat,
Flat No. 1504, CS-3, Supertech Cape Town, Sector-74, Noida, Uttar Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

Introduction: Shockwave-lithotripsy (SWL) provides a noninvasive and effective option for the management of ureteric calculi. Several factors may affect the success of SWL. Identification of these predictive factors will both increase the efficacy and decrease the cost. This study was designed to identify factors affecting the outcome of SWL for ureteral stones. Materials and Methods: This study was conducted from March 2012 to November 2014 in patients with solitary ureteric calculi who were managed with SWL. Data were analyzed to identify clinical and radiological factors associated with treatment outcome. Success after SWL was described as complete stone clearance or clinically insignificant residual fragments <3 mm at 3 months after SWL. Results: A total of 110 patients with ureteric calculi were divided into two groups depending on the outcome of SWL, Group A (successful - 76%) and Group B (failed - 24%). Stone size, Skin to stone distance (SSD), secondary signs of obstruction, and presence of double J (DJ) Stent, all were significantly associated with the outcome of SWL on univariate analysis. On multivariate analysis, stone size, hounsfield unit, SSD, and DJ stent were the independent factors affecting the outcome of SWL. On Receptor-Operator Characteristic curve analysis, a cutoff value of 8.2 mm for the stone size was found which best predicts a successful outcome, with a sensitivity of 54% and specificity of 96%. Conclusion: The findings of this study suggest that Stone size, SSD, the presence of DJ stent, and stone attenuation values are the significant factors that influence the outcome of SWL in patients with ureteral stones.

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