The impact of surgical hemorrhoidectomy on male sexual function: A preliminary study
Alsayed Saad Abdelaziz1, Ayman Mohammed Ghoneem2, Emad Ades Elewesy3
1 Department of Urological, Faculty of Medicine, Al-Azhar University, Damietta, Egypt; Department of Surgical, Ibn Sina College Hospital, Jeddah, KSA
2 Department of Surgical, Ibn Sina College Hospital, Jeddah, KSA; Department of Urological, Faculty of Medicine, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt
3 Department of Surgical, Ibn Sina College Hospital, Jeddah, KSA; Department of Surgical, Faculty of Medicine, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt
Alsayed Saad Abdelaziz,
Hai Al-Saf Al amir Muteb St., Al-Jedaani Hospital, Jeddah
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
Introduction: Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a highly prevalent condition among men all over the world and commonly associated with undiagnosed medical diseases as chronic pelvic pain and hemorrhoid.
Objective: The purpose of this study was to study the impact of surgical hemorrhoidectomy on sexual function in men with erectile dysfunction (ED).
Materials and Methods: In a prospective manner, we studied the effect of surgical hemorrhoidectomy on erectile function (EF) in male patients with ED. Hemorrhoidectomy was carried out in 82 patients with clinical hemorrhoid associated with ED (Group 1) and compared with 81 patients without operative intervention (Group 2; control). The primary efficacy variable was the mean change in the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF) questionnaire.
Results: In Group 1, the IIEF questionnaire increased significantly after hemorrhoidectomy, from 15.56 to 27.37 (P < 0.001), indicating improvement of EF. Thirty-six patients (41.1%) showed improvement of EF compared to 5.3% in the control group (P < 0.001). In Group I, but not in Group II, IIEF values increased significantly when compared with preoperative values (P < 0.001).
Conclusion: We concluded that surgical hemorrhoidectomy is clearly related to improvement of EF in male hemorrhoid patients with ED.