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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
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Cost burden of male infertility investigations and treatments: A survey study


1 Department of Surgery (Urology), Faculty of Medicine, Kuwait University, Safat, Kuwait
2 Mubark Hospital, Sabah Al Ahmad Urology Center, Kuwait

Correspondence Address:
Ahmed M Al-Kandari,
Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine, Kuwait University, P. O. Box: 24923, Safat 13110
Kuwait
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/UA.UA_48_20

Purpose: Male infertility represents 50% of all infertility problems. The management of male infertility is expensive, causing a huge burden on the patients. In this study, we aimed to calculate the cost burden of male infertility investigations and treatments. Methods: A total of 600 infertile male patients from a single center in Kuwait city were asked to fulfill an internet-based survey. The survey encompassed data about the cost of different investigations and treatments of male infertility. Patients were also asked about the preference of covering their condition either through government or by private insurance. Results: A total of 145 patients responded to the survey. Most of the patients earned 3295 United States Dollar (USD) to 6590 USD per month. The cost of the outpatient visit ranged from 131.7 to 263.4 USD. The cost of each hormonal test was 164.5 USD while the average cost of each imaging study was 131.8–164.7 USD. Most of the patients (62.8%) received medical therapy with an expense of >988.74 USD. Varicocelectomy cost ranged from 3295 to 6590 USD while the cost of testicular sperm extraction ranged from 1644 to 3294 USD. Most patients (96.3%) did not have health insurance coverage of infertility. On average, patients spent around 18% of their annual income on infertility care, excluding major surgeries. Conclusion: Male infertility is a worrisome medical condition that causes a huge burden on the Kuwait community. Effective management necessitates insurance coverage and public health support owing to the huge financial burden on the patients and their partners. Thus, policymakers should re-evaluate their protocols of spending on male infertility care.


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    -  Al-Kandari AM
    -  Alenezi A
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