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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 21-25

Intravesical chemotherapy for intermediate risk non-muscle invasive bladder cancer recurring after a first cycle of intravesical adjuvant therapy

1 Departments of Surgical and Oncological Sciences, Section of Urology, University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy
2 Sciences for Health Promotion, Section of Anatomic Pathology, University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy
3 Surgical and Oncological Sciences, Section of Medical Oncology, University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy
4 Department of Statistics, Gruppo Studi Tumori Urologici (GSTU) Foundation, Palermo, Italy

Correspondence Address:
Vincenzo Serretta
Via Piero della Francesca 68, Palermo - 90147
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DOI: 10.4103/0974-7796.148582

PMID: 25657538

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Context: The therapeutic strategy in intermediate risk (IR) non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) recurring after intravesical therapy (IT) is not well defined. Most patients are usually retreated by Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG). Aims: To evaluate the efficacy of intravesical chemotherapy (ICH) given at recurrence after the first cycle of ICH in IR-NMIBC recurring 6 months or later. Settings and Design: Retrospective analysis of the efficacy of ICH given after previous IT. Materials and Methods: The clinical files of IR-NMIBC patients recurring later than 6 months after transurethral resection (TUR) and IT and retreated by IT were reviewed. The patients should be at intermediate risk both initially and at the first recurrence. BCG should have been given at full dose. Cytology and cystoscopy were performed 3 monthly for 2 years and then 6 monthly. Statistical Analysis: The RFS was estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method and the differences between treatment groups were compared by log-rank test. Mann Whitney U-test was used to compare the parameters' distribution for median time to recurrence. Multivariate Cox proportional hazards models were used. Results: The study included 179 patients. The first IT was ICH in 146 (81.6%) and BCG in 33 (18.4%), re-IT was ICH in 112 (62.6%) and BCG in 67 (37.4%) patients. Median time to recurrence was 18 and 16 months after first and second IT (P = 0.32). At 3 years, 24 (35.8%) and 49 (43.8%) patients recurred after BCG and ICH, respectively (P = 0.90). No difference in RFS was found between BCG and ICH given after a first cycle of ICH (P = 0.23). Conclusions: Re-treatment with ICH could represent a legitimate option to BCG in patients harboring IR-NMIBC recurring after TUR and previous ICH. Prospective trials are needed.

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