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COMMENTARY
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 234-235  

A comparative study of open, laparoscopic and robotic partial nephrectomy in obese patients


Division of Urology, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506, USA

Date of Web Publication11-Mar-2015

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mohamad W Salkini
West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506
USA
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How to cite this article:
Salkini MW. A comparative study of open, laparoscopic and robotic partial nephrectomy in obese patients. Urol Ann 2015;7:234-5

How to cite this URL:
Salkini MW. A comparative study of open, laparoscopic and robotic partial nephrectomy in obese patients. Urol Ann [serial online] 2015 [cited 2021 Sep 26];7:234-5. Available from: https://www.urologyannals.com/text.asp?2015/7/2/234/152960

As the prevalence of obesity and metabolic syndrome continues to rise, more obese patients are being considered for minimally invasive surgery. [1] For novice surgeons, obesity can be considered a relative contraindication to laparoscopy, as excess adipose tissue can hinder the procedure by significantly modifying the perception of anatomy and reducing the effective operative field. [1] Obesity also portends a risk factors for renal cell carcinoma. [2] Partial nephrectomy is proven to provide equivalent oncological control to radical nephrectomy. [3] In recent times, partial nephrectomy was adopted as the standard of care for renal masses that are <4 cm in diameter, [4] and some tumors that are between 4 and 7 cm in diameter. [4],[5],[6] Laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN) has been shown to be equivalent oncologically to open partial nephrectomy with some centers demonstrating lower blood loss and length of hospital stay after surgery. [6],[7] The advanced laparoscopic skills required by LPN to accomplish tasks of tumor resection and renal reconstruction using intracorporeal suturing prevented the widespread application of the technique. [4] Warm ischemia time in LPN exceeded, in many instances, the acceptable maximum limit of 30 min even in the hand of experts. [7] Since the introduction of first robotic partial nephrectomy by Gettman et al. in 2004, the robotic technique was popularized. [7] Early studies of robotic partial nephrectomy failed to find tangible advantages to a robot-assisted approach and was even criticized for incurring more cost to the procedure. [7],[8] However, over the past 5 years, several refinements to the technique have been introduced, and subsequently robotic partial nephrectomy has become a reasonable alternative to laparoscopic and open nephron-sparing techniques. [8] This is, to the best of our knowledge, the first study that compares between the outcomes of the three technique of partial nephrectomy, the open, the laparoscopic and robotic in obese patient population.

 
   References Top

1.
Makino H, Kunisaki C, Izumisawa Y, Tokuhisa M, Oshima T, Nagano Y, et al. Effect of obesity on laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy compared with open distal gastrectomy for gastric cancer. J Surg Oncol 2010 1;102:141-7.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Macleod LC, Hotaling JM, Wright JL, Davenport MT, Gore JL, Harper J, et al. Risk factors for renal cell carcinoma in the VITAL study. J Urol 2013;190:1657-61.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Uzzo RG, Novick AC. Nephron sparing surgery for renal tumors: Indications, techniques and outcomes. J Urol 2001;166:6-18.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Gettman MT, Blute ML, Chow GK, Neururer R, Bartsch G, Peschel R. Robotic-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy: Technique and initial clinical experience with DaVinci robotic system. Urology 2004;64:914-8.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
Thompson RH, Boorjian SA, Lohse CM, Leibovich BC, Kwon ED, Cheville JC, et al. Radical nephrectomy for pT1a renal masses may be associated with decreased overall survival compared with partial nephrectomy. J Urol 2008;179:468-71.  Back to cited text no. 5
    
6.
Campbell SC, Novick AC, Belldegrun A, Blute ML, Chow GK, Derweesh IH, et al. Guideline for management of the clinical T1 renal mass. J Urol 2009;182:1271-9.  Back to cited text no. 6
    
7.
Aron M, Koenig P, Kaouk JH, Nguyen MM, Desai MM, Gill IS. Robotic and laparoscopic partial nephrectomy: A matched-pair comparison from a high-volume centre. BJU Int 2008;102:86-92.  Back to cited text no. 7
    
8.
Caruso RP, Phillips CK, Kau E, Taneja SS, Stifelman MD. Robot assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy: Initial experience. J Urol 2006;176:36-9.  Back to cited text no. 8
    




 

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