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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 181-184

Clinical, radiological, cytological, and microbiological assessment of painful extratesticular lesions


Department of Surgery, University College of Medical Sciences and Dr. Baba Saheb Ambedkar Medical College and Hospital, Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ashesh Kumar Jha
Department of Surgery, Dr. Baba Saheb Ambedkar Medical College, Rohini, New Delhi - 110 085
India
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DOI: 10.4103/UA.UA_62_17

PMID: 29719331

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Introduction: Most of the painful extratesticular scrotal lesions are erroneously diagnosed and treated in our clinical practice. Therefore, this study was undertaken to analyze the usefulness of a combination of clinical, radiological, cytological, and microbiological assessment in establishing the accurate diagnosis of this lesion. Aim: To study the Clinical, Radiological, Cytological and Microbiological assessment of painful extra-testicular lesions and their correlation with each other in establishing the accurate diagnosis of these lesions. Objectives: The objectives of the study were to assess the diagnostic significance of clinical, radiological, cytological, and microbiological methods and their correlation in establishing the accurate diagnosis of painful extratesticular lesions. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out in Departments of Surgery, Radiology, Pathology, and Microbiology, University College of Medical Sciences and GTB Hospital over the period of 2 years. During this period, we were able to accommodate 75 patients in the study, who presented with pain and swelling in the scrotum and clinically found to have extratesticular swellings. Radiological assessment was done on the 1st day of visit, using Grayscale ultrasonography along with Color Doppler of these lesions. For cytological assessment, ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration cytology and microbiological assessment were done from the aspirate remaining after making cytology slide. Statistical Analysis: Data analysis was done using SPSS statistical software. Kappa statistics were used to find the degree of agreement or concordance between clinical, radiological, cytological, and microbiological findings. Results: Clinically 71 patients were found to have tender extratesticular swellings, whereas in four patients, these swellings were nontender on clinical examination. Radiologically, epididymitis was found in 32 patients. Only in 37 patients out of 75, a definite diagnosis could be made on cytology. The microbiological examination did not give any positive results. Conclusion: Painful extratesticular scrotal lesion often poses a diagnostic dilemma in the mind of treating physician. Clinical findings of these lesions may be corroborated through radiological, cytological, and microbiological assessment in an endeavor to arrive at a definitive diagnosis with a defined etiology.


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