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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 219-221

Urachal cyst with xanthogranulomatous cystitis: A rare case report

1 Department of Pathology, K. S. Hegde Medical Academy, Mangalore, Karnataka, India
2 Post Graduates, K. S. Hegde Medical Academy, Mangalore, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. H L Kishan Prasad
Department of Pathology, K. S. Hegde Medical Academy, Deralakatte, Mangalore, Karnataka
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DOI: 10.4103/0974-7796.229555

PMID: 29719338

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An urachal cyst is a sinus remaining from the allantois during embryogenesis which is rarely manifested in adults. The urachus is an embryologic remnant which degenerates after the birth. Defective obliteration of the urachus leads to urachal abnormalities. Urachal cyst is a rare pathology in adult women, and this pathology should be considered in the differential diagnosis of acute abdomen. Xanthogranulomatous cystitis (XC) is a benign disease of unknown etiology. The clinical manifestations of these are nonspecific such as lower abdominal pain, umbilical discharge with occasional hematuria. Urachal lesions present with persistent umbilical drainage in infants and newborn. However, in 35% cases, enclosed urachal cyst or infected urachal cyst (abscess) manifests without having umbilical discharge. Computed tomography scan and magnetic resonance imaging are of little help to the identification of these preoperatively. Here, we present a rare case of urachal cyst with XC in 30-year-old female which has produced diagnostic dilemma.

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