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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 248-253

Pattern and outcome of management of Fournier's gangrene in a resource-constraint setting

1 Department of Surgery, Urology, Surgery Units, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto, Nigeria
2 Department of General Surgery, Surgery Units, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto, Nigeria
3 Department of Plastic and Reconstructive, Surgery Units, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Abubakar Sadiq Muhammad
Department of Surgery, Urology Unit, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto
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DOI: 10.4103/UA.UA_62_19

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Introduction: Fournier's gangrene (FG) is a necrotizing fasciitis of the external genitalia and perineum but may involve upper thigh and anterior abdominal wall. Patients and Methods: This is a retrospective study of 47 patients managed for FG at Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital from January 2001 to June 2017. Data were entered into a semi-structured pro forma and analyzed using SPSS version 20.0. Results: The mean age of the patients was 42.7 ± 19.4 years, with age range of 7 weeks to 72 years. All the patients were male. The patients had underlying urologic conditions in 27.6%, 15.0% were postoperative, 4.2% had anorectal diseases, 10.6% had medical conditions, and 42.6% were idiopathic. After resuscitation, all the patients had serial debridement, Hypertonic saline bath, broad spectrum antibiotics and wound dressing. The wound healed by secondary intention in 34.0% and 32.3% of the patients had wound closure ± skin graft. The treatment was successful in 68.0% of the patients, 15.0% left against medical advice, and 17.0% died of severe sepsis. Conclusion: FG mainly affects men with existing urologic conditions in our environment. Aggressive debridement, hypertonic saline sitz bath, broad-spectrum antibiotics, and appropriate wound care are associated with good outcome.

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