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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 243-253

Knowledge, attitudes, and perception patterns of contraception methods: Cross-sectional study among Saudi males

Department of Surgery, Division of Urology, Faculty of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Saleh Binsaleh
Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, King Saud University, P. O. Box: 36175, Riyadh 11419
Saudi Arabia
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DOI: 10.4103/UA.UA_42_20

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Purpose: The aim of this study is to assess the knowledge, attitude, and perception pattern of contraception and family planning among males in Saudi Arabia. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted using a self-administered questionnaire. Study sample were Saudi males who presented to the urology clinics in one tertiary center. Beside demographic data, we evaluate the responders' knowledge about types of contraceptive methods, usage of one or more methods, reasons for using contraceptives, knowledge of contraception complications, awareness of religious opinion on contraception, the ideal number of children, and birth interval between them. Statistical analysis was performed using the Chi-square and Fisher's exact tests. A value of P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Two hundred and forty-three subjects filled the questioner. The participants' mean age was 42.7 years (range, 19–81); 227 (93.4%) were married. The majority of the participants were aware of the concept of contraception (79%). However, only 54% of the cohort reported using at least one type of contraception. A high percentage of the participants wanted a limited number of children with longer birth intervals. Many factors are responsible for increasing awareness and practice of contraception, additionally; there is limited knowledge and practice regarding male contraception, particularly vasectomy. Withdrawal technique and oral contraceptive pills for females were the most commonly used contraceptive methods for Saudi family planning. The most common reason for using birth control methods was having a lot of children. More than two-thirds of males believed that birth control methods are not prohibited by Islamic law. Conclusions: Younger age, shorter duration of marriage, governmental employee, less number of children, higher education degree, and higher monthly income had higher impact on contraception awareness and utilization. Couples still prefer noninvasive methods for contraception. Despite the relatively low use of contraceptive methods, particularly the male methods, the majority of the participants know about contraception. Efforts to advocate and promote the effective use of reproductive and sexual health services among newly married couples are warranted.

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