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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 312-315

Emphysematous cystitis: A case report and literature review of 113 cases

Department of Urology, AIIMS, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Shiv Charan Navriya
Department of Urology, AIIMS, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand
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DOI: 10.4103/UA.UA_61_20

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Emphysematous cystitis (EC) is a rare complicated urinary tract infection characterized by gas formation within the wall of the urinary bladder. Although EC has multifactorial etiology, commonly seen in elderly, diabetic and female sex; most of the cases of EC present along with emphysematous pyelonephritis (EPN) and full-blown urosepsis. We present a case of EC with EPN presented with features of sepsis managed conservatively. Furthermore, we reviewed the literature of published cases reports of EC with or without EPN from 1999 to 2019 (20 Years). From eligible 113 case reports, data of clinical presentation, demographic profile, risk factors, diagnostic methods, treatment, and prognosis were analyzed.

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