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   2010| January-April  | Volume 2 | Issue 1  
    Online since April 30, 2010

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Perinephric abscess caused by ruptured retrocecal appendix: MDCT demonstration
Nisar Ahmad Wani, Mir Farooq, Tariq Gojwari, Tasleem Kosar
January-April 2010, 2(1):29-31
DOI:10.4103/0974-7796.62923  PMID:20842255
Acute appendicitis may occasionally become extraordinarily complicated and life threatening yet difficult to diagnose. One such presentation is described in a 60-year-old man who was brought to the hospital due to right lumbar pain and fever for the last 15 days. Ultrasonography showed a right perinephric gas and fluid collection. Abdominal computed tomography with multidetector-row CT (MDCT) revealed gas-containing abscess in the right retroperitoneal region involving the perinephric space, extending from the lower pole of the right kidney up to the bare area of the liver. Inflamed retrocecal appendix was seen on thick multiplanar reformat images with its tip at the lower extent of the abscess. Laparotomy and retroperitoneal exploration were performed immediately and a large volume of foul smelling pus was drained. A ruptured retrocecal appendix was confirmed as the cause of the abscess.
  11,390 730 1
Antibiotic susceptibility pattern in urinary isolates of gram negative bacilli with special reference to AmpC β-lactamase in a tertiary care hospital
Mitesh H Patel, Grishma R Trivedi, Sachin M Patel, Mahendra M Vegad
January-April 2010, 2(1):7-11
DOI:10.4103/0974-7796.62915  PMID:20842250
Introduction: Resistance to higher antimicrobial agent is commonly seen in gram negative bacilli. This issue is a challenging problem to the medical practitioners in addition to it is financial impact on the health care system. Objectives: To document the prevalence of multi drug resistant gram negative bacilli isolated from urine of patients attending the Urology Department of Tertiary care Hospital of western India in year 2008. Results: Out of total 328 isolates, 118 (35.98%) E.coli, 72 (21.95 %) Klebsiella, 64 (19.51%) Pseudomonas aeruginosa, 30 (9.15%) Acinetobacter, 18 (5.49%) Proteus vulgaris, 18 (5.49%) Proteus mirabilis, 6 (1.83%) Providencia rettgerii, 2 (0.61%) Citrobacter freundii. Out of these isolates, 228 (69.51%) were b-lactamase positive, while 100 (30.51%) were β-lactamase negative. Out of 228 β-lactamase positive, 104 (45.61%) were AmpC β-lactamase positive. Conclusions: Stringent protocol such as Antibiotic policy and Hospital infection control program are mandatory to curb these microbes in a tertiary care hospital.
  7,082 1,078 2
A decade of clinical experience with extra-adrenal paragangliomas of retroperitoneum: Report of 67 cases and a literature review
Jin Wen, Han-Zhong Li, Zhi Gang Ji, Quan Zhong Mao, Bing Bing Shi, Wei Gang Yan
January-April 2010, 2(1):12-16
DOI:10.4103/0974-7796.62919  PMID:20842251
Object: The purpose was to highlight the diagnosis and treatment of extra-adrenal para-gangliomas, which often causes catecholamine hypersecretion and hypertension. Methods: 67 cases of extra-adrenal paraganglioma of retroperitoneum proven pathologically from 1999 to 2009 were reviewed and studied after operation. Endocrine secretion examinations, B-US, CT, MRI, 131-MIBG, octreotide and hands microcirculation inspection were used to diagnose the disease. Results: All patients underwent successful surgical resection of the tumors, which proved to be paragangliomas. They were from 3 cm to 25 cm in size. Almost all of them were diffusely positive for cgA, syn, NSE and s-100 by immunohitochemical staining. There were nine cases assayed malignant paraganglioma by the follow-up. Conclusions: 131-MIBG and octreotide have high sensitivity and accuracy in diagosing extra-adrenal paraganglioma. Surgical treatment should be carried out on the basis of correct drug preparation of a-receptor blocker, such as prazosin and phenoxybenzamine. Complete surgical excision is the treatment of choice for extra-adrenal paragangliomas as well as recurrent or metastatic disease, which could be resected laparoscopically. Intimate lifelong follow-up is necessary and important.
  5,094 880 2
Superior vena cava syndrome: A rare complication of percutaneous nephrolithotripsy laser lithotripsy
Ji Qing, Yang Jianjun, Jia Hongbin, Zhang Lidong
January-April 2010, 2(1):32-35
DOI:10.4103/0974-7796.62918  PMID:20842256
Purpose: To describe a case of acute superior vena cava syndrome during percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL), and to review the associated clinical features, management and complications. Clinical features: A 34-year-old man, diagnosed as right renal calculi and nodal tachycardia, was admitted to receive percutaneous nephroscope laser lithotripsy. Shortly after stone disintegration, he suffered acute hypoxic and hypotension, and showed cyanoderma of face and chest skin, ocular proptosis, jugular filling and ventricular fibrillation. Dopamine and adrenaline was intravenously injected. The patient was turned over to supine position and external cardiac massage and electric defibrillation were carried out immediately. The patient finally cardioverted. His vital signs subsequently became stable and cyanoderma faded. The patient was eventually discharged from the intensive care unit three days following the event. Conclusion: Severe complications such as cardiac arrest could happen during PCNL. Close monitoring the vital signs is essential for early finding and quick response to rescue.
  4,381 554 -
Primary retroperitoneal synovial sarcoma in CT and MRI
Abdulmajeed R Alhazzani, Mohamed Sherif El-sharkawy, Hamdy Hassan
January-April 2010, 2(1):39-41
DOI:10.4103/0974-7796.62916  PMID:20842258
Synovial sarcomas are most commonly localized in the extermities, especially the lower thigh and knee areas. Retroperitoneal synovial sarcoma is very rare. We decribe the radiological findings of an adult retroperitoneal synovial sarcoma.
  4,080 565 5
Management of female uro-genital fistulas: Framing certain guidelines
RB Singh, Satish Dalal, S Nanda, NM Pavithran
January-April 2010, 2(1):2-6
DOI:10.4103/0974-7796.62913  PMID:20842248
Background: The study was carried out to discuss the pathogenesis and management protocol of seven different varieties of female uro-genital fistulas (FUGFs). Patients and Methods: During 2000-2007, total of 15 FUGFs were operated, which belonged to seven different varieties requiring different routes and surgical procedures for their repair. Different fistulas with different pathophysiological factors required specific examinations and investigations preoperatively. Results: The results of the repaired FUGFs, following the general surgical principles, were acceptable with formation of only one residual fistula. Conclusions: Successful correction of FUGFs is a surgical challenge. Detailed history, through examination and planning, atraumatic tissue handling, routine use of the interposition or onlay reinforcement flaps and vigilant postoperative care were found the key factors in successful outcome of the repaired fistulas.
  3,423 676 -
Computed tomography findings in bilateral perinephric lymphangiomatosis
Aijaz Hakeem, Tariq A Gojwari, Sheikh Reyaz, Shubana Rasool, Hakim Shafi, Shahida Mufti
January-April 2010, 2(1):26-28
DOI:10.4103/0974-7796.62922  PMID:20842254
Perinephric lymphangioma is rare disorder that may be confused with various forms of renal cystic diseases and urinomas. In this disorder a developmental malformation results in failure of developing lymphatic tissue to establish normal communication with the rest of lymphatic system. Once there is restricted drainage of lymphatic fluid the lymphatic channels dilate to form cystic masses that may be unilocular or multilocular and may be seen unilaterally or bilaterally .This condition presents with various signs and symptoms or can be just an incidental finding which in presence of misleading clinical history may be confused with other diseases. CT scan with delayed cuts and USG guided aspiration with biochemical analysis of fluid will help us in arriving to final diagnosis.
  3,423 498 1
Ureteral injuries from gunshots and shells of explosive devices
Ammar Fadil Abid, Hussein Lafta Hashem
January-April 2010, 2(1):17-20
DOI:10.4103/0974-7796.62920  PMID:20842252
Context: Penetrating rather than blunt trauma is the most common cause of ureteral injuries. The approach to management differs from the far more common iatrogenic injury. Aims: The purpose of this series is to report our experience in ureteral trauma management, with attention to the diagnosis, repair, and outcome of these injuries. Materials and Methods: From April 2003 to October 2009, all abdominal trauma cases received alive, reviewed for penetrating ureteric injuries Results: A total of twenty (fifteen male, five female) penetrating ureteral injuries were evaluated. All penetrating ureteric injuries were due to (9 gunshot and 11 shells from explosive devices). Since the patients had a clear indication for surgery, no IVU or CT scan was done preoperatively, major intra-abdominal injuries were often associated. The diagnosis of ureteric injury was made intraoperatively in 8 cases (40%) While, twelve cases (60%) were diagnosed postoperatively. Eight ureteric injuries (40%) were proximal 1/3, 4 (20%) to middle 1/3 and 8 (40%) to the distal 1/3. Management was with stenting in 2 patients, ureteroureterostomy in 8, ureteroneocystostomy in 6, and nephrectomy in 4. Conclusions: In this study, a delay in diagnosis was a contributory factor in morbidity related to ureteral injury, the need for second operation in already compromised patients from associated injuries, The presence of shock on admission, delayed diagnosis, and colon injuries were associated with a high complication rate. Ureteral injuries must be considered early during the evaluation of penetrating abdominal injuries.
  2,790 526 2
Pattern of management of urologic cancer in Saudi Arabia
Khalid Al-Othman, Naif Al-Hathal
January-April 2010, 2(1):21-25
DOI:10.4103/0974-7796.62921  PMID:20842253
Background: To compare the current uro-oncologic practice pattern in Saudi Arabia with the standard of care practice and to identify obstacles in our health care system that prevent offering such a treatment. Materials and Methods: We surveyed 247 practicing urologists in Saudi Arabia using a designed questionnaire. This questionnaire contains 19 questions focusing on management of bladder and renal cancers. Results: Of the 247 contacted urologists, 86 completed the questionnaire. Seventy six percent see more than 10 bladder cancer cases/year and 83% used rigid cystoscope for diagnosis under general anesthesia. Eighty two percent perform over 10 bladder tumor resections/year; however, 90% of them perform less than five cystectomies/year, if any. Seventy nine percent had intravesical therapy available at their hospitals and majority of them use it after resection in selected patients. Fifty percent preferred re-resection within 2-4 weeks for T1 and/or G3 tumors and majority of them (86%) perform cystectomy for muscle invasive disease and ninety six percent perform ileal conduit. Thirty four percent see over 10 renal cancers/year. Forty nine percent perform radical nephrectomy for less than 4 cm renal masses and for more than 4 cm, only 9% do laparoscopic nephrectomy while the majority preferred open technique although 77% of the hospitals participated in this survey have a urologist capable of doing laparoscopy. Conclusion: A significant number of urologists in Saudi Arabia do not apply some of the well-accepted standard practices in urologic cancer. To improve this, we need to work on our referral system and establish education and training programs to make the urologist familiar with the new modalities of treatment.
  2,856 449 1
Castleman's disease: A rare differential diagnosis for retroperitoneal tumors
Sanish Shringarpure, PB Sivaraman, Ashok Parmeswaran
January-April 2010, 2(1):44-45
DOI:10.4103/0974-7796.62912  PMID:20842260
  2,820 476 1
Capsular renal leiomyosarcoma with encasement of the inferior vena cava - Diagnosed by immunostaining and review of literature
Iqbal Singh, Mohit Joshi, Kiran Mishra
January-April 2010, 2(1):36-38
DOI:10.4103/0974-7796.62917  PMID:20842257
We report and describe the presentation, pathological diagnosis with immunostaining and management of a rare case of capsular renal leiomyosarcoma encasing the inferior vena cava (IVC). We have reviewed and tabulated other such similar cases. The present case was successfully managed by radical nephrectomy and adjuvant radio-chemotherapy. Immunostaining should be freely used to define the histological type of renal sarcoma in order to accurately counsel and deliver a prognosis for patients with renal leiomyosarcomas with a poor prognosis.
  2,554 422 -
Primary adenocarcinoma of ureter mimicking pyelonephritis
R. P. S Punia, Irneet Mundi, Komal Arora, Ashwani Dalal, Harsh Mohan
January-April 2010, 2(1):42-43
DOI:10.4103/0974-7796.62914  PMID:20842259
Tumors of the ureter are rare. We present a case of primary mucinous adenocarcinoma of the ureter diagnosed as chronic pyelonephritis preoperatively. This tumor is postulated to arise from metaplastic glandular mucosa in response to chronic irritation of the urothelium.
  2,465 418 1
Progress of our journal at glance
Khalid Fouda Neel
January-April 2010, 2(1):1-1
DOI:10.4103/0974-7796.62911  PMID:20842247
  1,797 444 -
Pseudo tumor of the urinary bladder in a child
LI Gonzalez-Granado
January-April 2010, 2(1):45-46
DOI:10.4103/0974-7796.62910  PMID:20842261
  1,651 365 -

January-April 2010, 2(1):6-6
  1,491 322 -